1) Study: Association Between Sleep Positions and Dry Eye Disease (DED).
Conclusion: Sleeping on one's stomach may increase the risk of DED symptoms compared to sleeping on one's back or side. Healthcare providers should consider inquiring about sleep position when evaluating patients with DED symptoms, and patients should be advised to avoid sleeping on their stomach if they experience DED symptoms. Further research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying this association.
Source: Eye & Contact Lens. 2021 Sep 1;47(5):346-51.
2) Study: Combination Therapy of Meibomian Gland Probing and Intense Pulse Light (IPL) for the Treatment of Dry Eye Disease.
Conclusion: Combined Meibomian Gland Probing and IPL therapy is an effective treatment option for DED, as it can improve meibomian gland function, tear film stability, and subjective symptoms while reducing corneal staining.
Source: Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2021 Feb 1;44(1):101363.
3) Study: Multi-Frequency RF Combined with Intense Pulsed
Light Improves Signs and Symptoms of Dry Eye Disease Due to Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Conclusion: In subjects with moderate to severe DED due to MGD, a series of four treatments consisting of a combination of IPL, multi-frequency RF and MGX decreased symptoms, improved meibum quality and the appearance of eyelids, increased the number of expressible glands, and decreased meibomian gland loss.
Source: Clinical Ophthalmology. 2023;17:3089-3102