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New Drug Therapies for Dry Eye Disease, Demodex Blepharitis, & Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD)

Dry Eye Medications in the Pipeline: TP-03, NOV03, AZR-MD-001, Reproxalap, & AR-15512
Dry eye disease is a chronic and progressive condition that significantly and negatively impacts patients and their loved ones. It is commonly one of the most under-diagnosed and undiagnosed conditions in eye care.
With tens of millions of patients suffering from dry eye disease in the US alone, innovation both diagnostically and therapeutically is welcomed and necessary. 
At our advanced dry eye center, we commonly see patients who present with severe dry eye signs and symptoms including other ocular surface conditions such as blepharitis, MGD, eye allergies and ocular rosacea. Many of these patients have suffered for years with uncontrolled and frequent ocular symptoms leading to debilitating and severe flare-ups.
At Beverly Hills Optometry, our goal is to educate, empower, and restore hope for all our patients. Although there often isn’t one specific treatment option that provides complete relief, the use of combination therapies can help patients regain their lives. 
Within the last decade, we have seen numerous breakthroughs in office-based treatments, at-home devices, and topical pharmaceuticals. Looking to the future, we have many promising options in the pipeline. 
Novel FDA Drug Therapies pending approvals:




  • Reproxalap (Aldeyra) is a novel small-molecule drug candidate called RASP inhibitor (immune-modulating covalent inhibitor of reactive aldehyde species). Since RASP is a pro-inflammatory mediator, it is commonly elevated in the tear film of patients with dry eye disease. If approved, Reproxalap as a RASP inhibitor, may represent an alternative mechanism for diminishing ocular inflammation and uniquely address the needs of dry eye sufferers. As an investigational new topical drug, Reproxalap, has been studied in more than 1,800 patients with no adverse safety issues. 


  • AR-15512 (Aerie) is formulated to address the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease (DED) using a proprietary agonist of transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) cold thermoreceptor. TRPM8 cold-sensitive channels, found on the cornea and eyelids, create a cooling sensation across the eye which plays a role in maintaining the tear film homeostasis. Increased TRPM8 activity supports healthy basal tear production and blink rate, while a dysfunction in TRPM8 sensing may cause or worsen dry eye. In Phase 2b study (384 patients), patients demonstrated significant improvement in both signs and symptoms of dry eye disease in as early as 2 weeks. 


With ocular surface disease on the rise, the introduction of these new drug therapies may serve useful to provide patients' added relief and limit the frequency and severity of flare-ups.

Dr Kambiz Silani Chief Clinical Director

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